Poet, philosopher and writer, Édouard Glissant (1928-2011) introduced the notion of antillanité as a way of reconsidering the world as archipelago. A Martinican thinker of the creolization of cultures and the poetics of relation, his multi-faceted oeuvre moves between the essay (Faulkner, Mississippi), poetry (The Indies), fiction (The Fourth Century) and theatre (Monsieur Toussaint). In 1958, he was awarded the Prix Renaudot for The Ripening. Édouard Glissant taught in the United States at Louisiana State University and at the City University in New York. In 2006, he founded the Institut du Tout-Monde in Paris.